Phrasal verbs examples

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What are phrasal verbs and why every English learner hates them?

Phrasal verb is a phrase that indicates an action and consists of two or three distinct but related constructions = verb, particle and preposition. Together they form a single semantic unit.

Types of phrasal verbs with examples:

1. verb + particle (pay off – to return a debt; sneak out – silently leave the place)
2. verb + preposition (stop by – to make a quick stop, run into – meet someone unexpectedly)
3. verb + particle + preposition (put up with – to endure negative experience, watch out for – be careful about something)
particles: up, down, in, out, over, on, off
prepositions: after, into, for, by, with, at

So far it seems pretty easy. However, here is the problem:

Phrasal verb usually cannot be understood based on the meanings of its individual parts, but must be taken as a whole.

What does it mean in real world?

Firstly, it means that if you hear phrases like “hold off“, “work out” or “give in“, you usually can’t guess what that particular additionally phrase means. You have to understand the meaning and learn it like a new word.

The most annoying thing is, however, that native English speakers use phrasal verbs very often. So except for learning standard English vocabulary, you also have to learn a lot of phrasal verbs.

Confusing theory

The theory around English phrasal verbs is also quite confusing. In some sources, only particle phrasal verbs (e.g. bring up, figure out, break down) are considered as “real”. In contrast, other sources include both prepositional and particle phrasal verbs.

If you want to dig deeper into this topic, more information can be found on Wikipedia.

Anyway, theory is nice, but you can’t have a good conversation, if you just don’t understand what the native speakers are saying to you. So the only thing that matters is to learn them and know how to use them.

It’s good to have a resource, where you can systematically learn all most important phrasal verbs that are commonly used in everyday English.

We are trying hard to be such a resource. 🙂

Our 2-step method:

In order to help you to understand correctly when somebody uses a phrasal verb in a speech or conversation, we have created a concept based on examples from movies.

As you probably know, you can hear lots of these phrases in American movies and TV shows. In fact, they are really frequently used in spoken English.

The method is very simple, yet very effective.

STEP 1. Listen to phrasal verbs in short video samples in real-life situations
to cheer up
to figure out

These are the examples of some of them, which you will certainly hear in many conversations with English speakers on a daily basis.
So the best way to master them is to learn them in context in real sentences. And I am pretty sure that the best context is your favorite movie or TV show 🙂

STEP 2. Practice them in short exercises
People say you can’t turn ______ (refuse) a wedding gift.
Phrasal verbs sample
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Some examples of sentences with phrasal verb, where you might not understand the meaning

1. Don’t hold out on me. I know too much.
2. WILL: And why did you think that, Marcus? MARCUS: Suzie said we hit it off.
3. Jack’s attitude towards his job really puts me off!
4. That’s so nice. See what they do, they fight, then they make up and it’s good.

phrasal verbs

Collocations | Idioms | Phrasal verbs | Words

(224 terms)
let outto let somebody go/leave
screw aroundto cheat a partner, to have sex outside relationship
freshen upto regain vitality
take awayto steal
screw around withto play with emotions in a negative way
go awayto leave
pull upto bring closer
load up (something)to put a lot of stuff in certain place
sort outto solve a problem
bring togetherto put together, to unite
go through withto survive a difficult situation
go through (something)to browse or search through something
tied up (at work)busy at work and unable to leave from office
get off mindto stop thinking about something
stay away fromto avoid somebody
work outto solve an issue, to find a solution
work outwhen things go OK at the end
show aroundwhen somebody introduces new places to other person
turn outwhen something finally shows how it is
screw upto make a big mistake
lean up against somebodyto rest the body against someone else
knock offto reduce a price
track downto find somebody after longer search
pick upto take someone to a vehicle
get downto make depressed
come overto visit somebody
blown away to be amazed, impressed
rip offto rob, to steal
wig outto become very excited after using drugs or alcohol (slang)
run downto trace, to find, to chase
take overto assume responsibility
boil upto cook by boiling in water
Cut it out!Stop doing it!
come alongslowly making progress, moving towards the goal
take up withto discuss
cut offto separate by cutting
tuck into hide something (by tucking)
pay offto return a debt
track downto find somebody after longer search
Piss off!Angrily saying someone to leave, Get away, Get lost
show upto arrive, to visit
slack offto slow down or decrease an effort
play outto finish a play
zone outto lose control under the influence of alcohol or drugs
ask outto ask someone for a date
mull overto think carefully about something over certain period of time
kick outto throw out by kicking
chilled upcalm, relaxed
put outto place
hang upto end a call
hold outsurvive in difficult circumstances
move outto move to a different place
give upto stop trying
lock (oneself) indiscontinue contacts with people around you
carry outto accomplish, to perform
blow outto extinguish
boot outto expel from a position, to force to leave
keep something upto continue doing something (usually well)
look overto quickly explore, to examine
look aroundto look in all directions in order to search for something
leave outto exclude
run outwhen supplies get exhausted
squeeze out to push somebody out from a position in order to get someone's benefits
figure outthink about something thoroughly
look forward to (something)to anticipate/await something eagerly
hang outto spend time
man upto develop characteristics typical for man, such as courage, decisiveness
fire upto start the engine
get downto unleash emotions and do things without control
color outin casino, to change lower denominated chips for higher denominated chips, color up
break upto end a relationship
cash inin casino, to change chips for cash
spout offto talk about something in a very boring and annoying way
go along (with someone or something)to follow, to cooperate
turn outwhen something finally shows how it is
keep it downto talk quietly
go aheadphrase used to encourage someone to do something or to move forward
dry upto become dry, to get old
put up withto endure negative experience
wait out (something)wait until something (usually negative) is over
gobble downquickly eat large quantities of food
move into start living in a new place
messed upconfused
pass byto move around or past something or someone
let downto disappoint
beat downto attack physically
set upto prepare a trap
get over (something)overcome hard obstacles
take outto remove from a packaging
throw downto do something in a big way, to contribute a lot of money
be up toplanning to do something
pass alongto deliver information to other person
wiped outtotally destroyed
hang outdoing nothing, killing time
numbers check outnumbers are exactly as expected
throw upto vomit
plan on (something)to have something planned
flash bygo (fly) very quickly
turn downto fold or prepare the bedsheets
make something upto lie about something using false explanation
work outto find a solution
go throughto experience a long difficult times
pull offto achieve or make something happen
pull (oneself) togetherregain control of emotions
be into somethingto like something
grope awayto touch another person with hands
bring upto mention some topic
scope outto examine thoroughly, to inspect
cramp upto suffer cramps
spy on (somebody)to secretly watch somebody
put on (something)dress something
chase offto drive somebody or something away
pay offto bring a profit or benefit
help outto help out of some problem
throw aroundto talk about something without meaning it
live offto receive money from some source
shut upbe quiet
slap aroundhit someone's face with a palm
listen uplisten carefully
suck outto remove by sucking
sneak outsilently leave the place so that nobody knows about it
to be stood upwhen girlfriend or boyfriend does not come to a date
get overto recover from a difficult situation
run throughto quickly look at several options
gross outto have a feeling of disgust
break upto end a relationship
get outto reach the public attention (information)
crack upto amuse
come overto visit somebody
drive apartto divide
mess aroundto kill time by doing unplanned activities
leave behind (something)to remain as a result of something
throw aroundto talk about something without meaning it
psyche intoconvince oneself into certain thoughts
map outto make a detailed plan, to plan something thoroughly
mark downto reduce an amount on a price tag (in store)
screw upto make a terrible mistake causing the things go wrong
storm outto angrily leave a place
clean upto make oneself neat and presentable
turn off (something)switch off, disconnect the power
freak outto be excited, to lose control of emotions
kick offto start
be fed upto have enough of something
change outchange something for something else
hit on (somebody)to start a conversation with someone in order to establish a sexual relationship
shut downto cancel, to force to stop
turn downto reject, to refuse
pay backto return a debt
doll upto dress nicely for a special occasion
bring out ofto overcome some negative emotions
stumble overto come closer walking like a drunk
cut outto leave in a hurry
count onto rely on, to trust
sack upto gather courage or energy for a difficult task
take offto remove dress and get naked
make up toto compensate something to someone
find outto discover, to gain some kind of knowledge
ring upto record the amount of sold items on a cash register
throw outto force to leave
live up toto fulfill the expectations or standards
figure outto think about a problem to solve it
turn onto prepare for intimacy
scare awayto make someone to run away with fear
move outto move to a different place
let outto rent
dig up (something)to get something from under the ground by digging, to excavate
stand byto be alert and awaiting further instructions
cap offto conclude or finish something
hold outto wait
cheat on somebodyto be unfaithful, having another relationship
tone downto make something more moderate
hone in on (something)to focus and move towards a target
mess upto make a big mistake
pay off to bring a profit or benefit
go outto meet somebody as a girlfriend or a boyfriend
pissed offangry
frown upondisapprove something with a frown
write downto write something on a piece of paper
color up (slang)in casino, to change lower denominated chips for higher denominated chips
watch overto protect someone making sure they are safe
drag awaymove someone to a different location by force
racked upunder the influence of alcohol or drugs
get offto remove
heat upto reheat
lay outto say something straight and clearly
book into make a reservation
finish upto complete, to finish
work offto repay a debt by working
give into stop fighting and accepting that he/she cannot win
root for (someone)to support, to applaud, to cheer for somebody
make outto suggest something, to make a false impression
fall outto fall from some place downwards
step over (something or someone)to take a step in order to avoid something on the ground
hold offto wait some time, to delay
weird outto become nervous, to start panicking
pile upaccumulate
mop upto clear with the mop
carry aroundto have a memory inside of an unpleasant experience
pull outto get something or someone from previous place
go byto pass (time)
boil off (something)evaporate by boiling
pass onto transfer something to someone else
Get off me!Leave me alone!
make it up toto compensate or repay a favor to somebody
go at somethingto start doing something
tear upto destroy by tearing
firm upto confirm agreed information
freak outto lose control of emotion due to a fear
stay awayto keep away at a distance
act outto act and repeat behavior according to some pattern
come upgetting closer, approaching
close into enclose, to come to an end
turn into change to (something else)
hook upto start dating somebody
get aroundto bypass
stop byto make a quick stop
stop byto make a quick stop
tone downto make something more moderate
squeeze into do something, even when there is not much time
come byto visit, to show up
blow offto ignore (slang)
drop bystop by, to visit
tuck awayto eat a lot of food
back downto withdraw from the position or opinion

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